The first Walmart store was opened in Rogers, Arkansas, in 1962 by Sam Walton, who went on to build one of the largest retail chains in the world. Today, Walmart is headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, and is one of the largest employers in the state.
Chicot County, located in the southeastern part of Arkansas, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Prior to European settlement, the region was home to indigenous tribes such as the Quapaw, who relied on the fertile soil and abundant wildlife for sustenance. The Quapaw were eventually forced to cede their lands to the United States through a series of treaties in the early 19th century.

European settlement in the area began around the same time, with French and Spanish explorers establishing trading posts and colonial outposts along the Mississippi River. Chicot County itself was officially formed in 1823, and its name was derived from the French word "chicot," meaning "staked plain" or "pimple," a reference to the cottonwood trees that once dotted the county's landscape.

The economy of Chicot County has been largely agricultural throughout its history, with cotton being the dominant crop during the antebellum period. The county's fertile soil and proximity to the Mississippi River made it an ideal location for plantations, leading to the widespread use of enslaved labor. The Civil War had a significant impact on the county, as many plantations were destroyed and the economy was devastated.

In the years following the war, Chicot County experienced a slow recovery, but by the late 19th century, it began to see some growth and development. The lumber industry played a major role in the county's economy, with vast quantities of timber being harvested from the surrounding forests. The arrival of the railroad in the early 20th century further facilitated economic growth, connecting Chicot County to larger markets and allowing for the transportation of goods. Today, while agriculture remains an important industry, the county has also diversified its economy to include manufacturing and tourism, drawing visitors to its natural beauty and historical landmarks.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Chicot County, Arkansas.

  • 1823: Chicot County was established on October 25, 1823.
  • 1836: The town of Columbia became the county seat.
  • 1850: Lake Village was established as a railroad town.
  • 1864-1865: Chicot County was occupied by Union troops during the Civil War.
  • 1874: Lake Village became the new county seat.
  • 1891: The Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans Railroad was completed, boosting the county's economy.
  • 1912: The Chicot County Courthouse was built in Lake Village.
  • 1927: Floodwaters from the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 devastated the county.
  • 1944: Charles H. Morris became the first African American elected to office in the county.
  • 1972: The Lakeport Plantation, a historic plantation home, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 1995: The Mississippi River floodwaters caused significant damage to the county.
  • 2019: Chicot County celebrated its bicentennial anniversary.