The first European settlement in Alabama was established in 1702 by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile, which is now the city of Mobile. It was named after Louis XIV of France and was the capital of French Louisiana until 1711.
St. Clair County, Alabama, is located in the northeastern part of the state and has a rich and fascinating history. Native Americans, including the Cherokee and Creek tribes, first inhabited the area, leaving behind artifacts and ancient mounds that serve as a testament to their presence.

European colonization of the region began in the late 18th century, and by the early 19th century, the area that is now St. Clair County was part of the Alabama Territory. The establishment of the county itself came in 1818, with its name honoring General Arthur St. Clair, a Revolutionary War hero. The county seat, Ashville, was chosen and remains the seat of government to this day.

During the 19th century, St. Clair County experienced significant growth and development. Early settlers were predominantly farmers, and agriculture played a crucial role in the county's economy. The arrival of the railroads in the mid-1800s spurred further growth, enhancing transportation and connecting St. Clair County to larger markets, such as Birmingham.

The Civil War, like in other parts of the South, had a significant impact on St. Clair County. The area witnessed battles and skirmishes as Union and Confederate forces clashed, and the county suffered economic devastation. Reconstruction brought further challenges, but gradually the county rebuilt and emerged from the ashes of war.

Today, St. Clair County is a thriving area with a diverse economy that includes agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. The county's natural beauty, including scenic lakes and state parks, draws visitors from all over. With a blend of historical significance and modern amenities, St. Clair County continues to evolve while cherishing its past.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of St. Clair County, Alabama.

  • 1818: St. Clair County is established as one of the original counties of Alabama
  • 1819: First county seat, Ashville, is established
  • 1837: County seat is moved to Pell City
  • 1861-1865: St. Clair County takes part in the American Civil War
  • 1876: County seat is moved back to Ashville
  • 1891: First electric streetcar is introduced in Pell City
  • 1942: Coleman Lake Recreation Area is built by the Civilian Conservation Corps
  • 1965: Logan Martin Lake is created by damming the Coosa River
  • 1999: St. Clair County Courthouse in Ashville is destroyed by fire
  • 2019: County seat is moved to Pell City once again