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The first European settlement in Alabama was established in 1702 by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile, which is now the city of Mobile. It was named after Louis XIV of France and was the capital of French Louisiana until 1711.
Randolph County, Alabama has a rich history dating back to its settlement by Native American tribes. It was once home to the Creek Indians, who inhabited the region until the early 19th century. The county was established on December 18, 1832, and was named after John Randolph of Roanoke, a prominent Virginian statesman.

During the early days of Randolph County's history, the economy was primarily based on agriculture, with cotton being the dominant crop. Many settlers from surrounding areas were attracted to the fertile lands of the county, leading to a boom in population and the establishment of several towns and communities.

The county played a significant role in the Civil War, as it was located on the border between the Confederacy and Union controlled territories. Several battles and skirmishes took place in the area, causing significant damage and loss of life. The war also caused economic hardships, with many plantations and farms destroyed or abandoned.

In the post-war years, Randolph County underwent a period of recovery and reconstruction. The economy diversified, with an emphasis on industries such as timber, mining, and manufacturing. Communities like Wedowee and Roanoke developed as important centers of commerce and trade. Today, Randolph County is known for its natural beauty, friendly small-town atmosphere, and a rich history that is evident in its numerous historical sites and landmarks.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Randolph County, Alabama.

  • 1818: Randolph County is established as one of the original nine counties in the Alabama Territory.
  • 1820s: European settlers begin to migrate to Randolph County from states like Georgia and South Carolina.
  • 1832: The county seat is established in Wedowee.
  • 1835: The Creek Indians, who previously inhabited the area, are forcibly removed as part of the Indian Removal Act.
  • 1861-1865: Randolph County, like the rest of Alabama, is deeply affected by the American Civil War.
  • Late 1800s: The county experiences agricultural growth, primarily in cotton and timber industries.
  • 1930s-1940s: The Great Depression and World War II bring economic challenges to Randolph County.
  • 1960s: The Civil Rights Movement impacts the county, with protests and efforts for racial equality.
  • 1981: Lake Wedowee, a reservoir on the Tallapoosa River, is created and becomes a recreational area for locals and visitors.
  • Present: Randolph County continues to be a rural community, balancing its agricultural heritage with modern growth and development.