The state of Alabama played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was sparked by Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat on a bus, took place in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955. The city was also the site of the Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965, which were a key event in the struggle for voting rights for African Americans.
Pickens County, Alabama has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. The area was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Choctaw, before European settlers arrived in the late 18th century. The county's name is derived from Revolutionary War hero General Andrew Pickens.

In the early 19th century, Pickens County was primarily agricultural, with cotton being the dominant crop. The county's fertile land and proximity to the Alabama River made it an ideal location for plantation farming. The slave population grew rapidly, and by the mid-1800s, enslaved African Americans outnumbered white settlers in the county.

During the Civil War, Pickens County was strategically important due to its location near the Mississippi-Alabama border. The area witnessed several skirmishes and battles, with both Union and Confederate troops vying for control. The war had a devastating impact on the county, as many homes and farms were destroyed and the economy suffered.

Following the end of the war, Pickens County began its slow recovery. The economy shifted towards timber and coal mining, which helped to revive the region. The county also saw the establishment of schools, churches, and infrastructure, as well as the growth of small towns and communities.

Today, Pickens County continues to be primarily rural, with agriculture and industry playing a significant role in the local economy. The county is known for its natural beauty, including the scenic landscapes of the Appalachian foothills and the recreational opportunities offered by the nearby Tombigbee River. With a long and complex history, Pickens County remains a testament to the resilience and perseverance of its people.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Pickens County, Alabama.

  • 1819: Pickens County is established as one of the original counties in the state of Alabama.
  • 1820s: The first settlements are established in Pickens County.
  • 1830: The county seat is established in Carrollton.
  • 1840s: The county's economy begins to flourish, primarily based on agriculture and timber industries.
  • 1861-1865: Pickens County is heavily impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1877: The county courthouse in Carrollton is destroyed by fire.
  • 1878: A new courthouse is built in Carrollton to replace the one lost in the fire.
  • 20th century: The county experiences significant growth in population and development.
  • 1965: Pickens County is the site of several civil rights marches and protests.
  • 2000s: The county continues to evolve and develop in various sectors, including education and agriculture.