The first European settlement in Alabama was established in 1702 by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile, which is now the city of Mobile. It was named after Louis XIV of France and was the capital of French Louisiana until 1711.
Perry County, located in the state of Alabama, has a rich and fascinating history that dates back centuries. The area was originally inhabited by the Creek Tribe of Native Americans, who thrived off the fertile land and abundant water sources. European colonization began in the late 1700s, when French and Spanish explorers made their way into the region.

In the early 1800s, Perry County experienced a surge of settlers, primarily from North Carolina and South Carolina, seeking new opportunities and fertile lands. The county was officially established in 1819, just a few years after Alabama became a state. The county was named after Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, a naval hero of the War of 1812.

Throughout the 19th century, Perry County played a significant role in the agricultural economy of Alabama. It was known for its abundant cotton production, with numerous plantations dotting the landscape. Slavery was prevalent during this time, as enslaved individuals were forced to work on these plantations. The county also became a hotbed of political activity, with many influential leaders emerging from the area.

In the 20th century, Perry County experienced significant social and economic changes. The decline of the cotton industry and the Great Depression hit the region hard, resulting in widespread poverty. However, the county played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement. The town of Marion, located in Perry County, was the site of the infamous "Bloody Sunday" march in 1965, when peaceful civil rights activists were brutally attacked by police on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in nearby Selma. Today, Perry County continues to grapple with economic challenges, while also preserving its historical significance and working towards a brighter future.

This timeline provides a condensed summary of the historical journey of Perry County, Alabama.

  • In 1818, Perry County was established as a county in the state of Alabama.
  • By the 1830s, the population of Perry County grew rapidly due to the influx of settlers, primarily cotton planters and enslaved African Americans.
  • In 1837, the county seat was established in Marion, which became a center for education and culture.
  • During the Civil War, Perry County was greatly affected by the conflict, with many battles and skirmishes taking place in the area.
  • In 1965, Perry County gained national attention during the Civil Rights Movement when activists held a voter registration campaign, known as the "Selma to Montgomery marches."
  • Throughout the latter half of the 20th century, Perry County faced economic challenges, with a decline in agriculture and industry.
  • Despite the challenges, the county has focused on revitalization efforts, including heritage tourism, to promote its historical and cultural significance.