National Register Listings in
Montgomery County, Alabama

Alabama State Capitol Alabama State University Historic District Bell Building Brame House Bricklayers Hall Brittan, Patrick Henry, House Building 800-Austin Hall Building 836-Community College of the Air Force Building Cassimus House City of St. Jude Historic District Cleveland Court Apartments 620-638 Cloverdale Historic District Cottage Hill Historic District Court Square Historic District Court Square-Dexter Avenue Historic District (Boundary Increase) Davis, Jefferson, Hotel Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Dowe Historic District Edgewood First White House of the Confederacy Garden District Gay House Gerald-Dowdell House Governor's Mansion Grace Episcopal Church Grove Court Apartments Huntingdon College Campus Historic District Jackson, Jefferson Franklin, House Jones, Gov. Thomas G., House Lower Commerce Street Historic District Lower Commerce Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) Lower Commerce Street Historic District (Boundary Increase) Maxwell Air Force Base Senior Officer's Quarters Historic District McBryde-Screws-Tyson House Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station Montgomery Union Station and Trainshed Montgomery Veterans Administration Hospital Historic District Mt. Zion AME Zion Church Murphy House, The Old Ship African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Opp Cottage Ordeman-Shaw Historic District Pastorium, Dexter Avenue Baptist Church Pepperman House Perry Street Historic District Powder Magazine Sayre Street School Scott Street Firehouse Semple House Shepherd Building Smith-Joseph-Stratton House South Perry Street Historic District St. John's Episcopal Church Stay House Steiner-Lobman and Teague Hardware Buildings Stone Plantation Tankersley Rosenwald School Thigpen, Dr. C. A., House Tulane Building Tyson-Maner House United States Post Office and Courthouse-Montgomery Wharton-Chappell House Winter Building Winter Place Yancey, William Lowndes, Law Office
Alabama is home to several important civil rights landmarks, including the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, which was the site of a deadly bombing in 1963, and the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, which was the site of the "Bloody Sunday" confrontation between civil rights marchers and state troopers in 1965.
Montgomery County, Alabama has a rich and diverse history that stretches back centuries. The area's earliest inhabitants were Native American tribes, such as the Creek and Alibamu, who occupied the region for thousands of years. European exploration and settlement began in the 16th century, with French and Spanish explorers mapping the area. However, it was not until the early 19th century that Montgomery County began to take shape.

The county was officially established in 1816 and named after General Richard Montgomery, a Revolutionary War hero. The city of Montgomery, located in the heart of the county, quickly became its center of economic and political activity. The county's fertile soils made it ideal for agriculture, and cotton soon became the dominant crop. The heavy reliance on enslaved labor led to Montgomery County becoming a major hub of the domestic slave trade.

Montgomery County played a crucial role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. The city of Montgomery was the site of several historically significant events, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, sparked by Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her bus seat. This event marked a turning point in the fight against racial segregation and inspired similar movements across the country.

Today, Montgomery County continues to thrive as the capital of Alabama and a center for government, industry, and culture. The county is home to numerous historical landmarks, such as Old Alabama Town and the Civil Rights Memorial, which commemorate the area's rich history. With a diverse population and a growing economy, Montgomery County looks to the future while acknowledging its past and the important role it played in shaping the nation.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Montgomery County, Alabama.

  • 1816: Montgomery County is established and named after Lemuel P. Montgomery, an early settler in the area.
  • 1846: Montgomery becomes the state capital of Alabama.
  • 1861-1865: Montgomery plays a significant role in the Civil War as the first capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1870: The completion of the Montgomery and West Point Railroad connects Montgomery to the major port city of Mobile, boosting economic growth.
  • 1955: The Montgomery Bus Boycott takes place after Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat, becoming a pivotal moment in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • 1965: Montgomery serves as a starting point for the historic Selma to Montgomery marches for voting rights.
  • 2001: Hyundai opens a manufacturing plant in Montgomery County, bringing economic investment and job opportunities to the area.