Historical Markers in
Montgomery County, Alabama

'Washington' Elm Tree 167th Infantry / Alabama’s Own 1Lt Karl W. Richter 37th Division The Buckeye Division 9th Infantry Division / “The Old Reliables” A County Older Than the State A Mighty Walk From Selma A Nation Divided / Cradle of the Confederacy A Refuge A Tale of Two Towns Abner McGehee / Early Alabama Entrepreneur Abram Mordecai / Mordecai's Cotton Gin Air University / Maxwell Air Force Base Air University Commanders Airman First Class John L. Levitow Monument Alabama Bicentennial Park / Ancient Sea Alabama Confederate Monument Alabama Governor's Mansion Alabama Highway Patrol Alabama River: The Grand Avenue Alabama State Capitol Alabama State University / Tatum Street Alabama State University / Tullibody Alabama Territory / Path to Statehood Alabama War Veterans Monument Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol Alabama's First Peoples / Creek Country Alabama's Third Century / Alabama Voices Albert L. Patterson Always Vigilant An Intersection of History: Court Square Antioch Baptist Church Army Air Corps Enlisted Pilots AU "Thinks War" Augusta and the Old Augusta Cemetery Aurelia Eliscera Shines Browder Award of Air Force Cross to Arthur N. Black Award of Air Force Cross to Charles D. King Award of Air Force Cross to Charles D. McGrath Award of Air Force Cross to Charles L. Schaub Award of Air Force Cross to Dennis M. Richardson Award of Air Force Cross to Donald G. Smith Award of Air Force Cross to Duane D. Hackney Award of Air Force Cross to Dustin H. Temple Award of Air Force Cross to Eugene L. Clay Award of Air Force Cross to Ivan M. Ruiz Award of Air Force Cross to Jason D. Cunningham Award of Air Force Cross to Joel E. Talley Award of Air Force Cross to John A. Chapman Award of Air Force Cross to Jon D. Harston Award of Air Force Cross to Keary J.Miller Award of Air Force Cross to Larry W. Maysey Award of Air Force Cross to Leroy M. Wright Award of Air Force Cross to Michael E. Fish Award of Air Force Cross to Nacey Kent Jr Award of Air Force Cross to Richard L. Etchberger Award of Air Force Cross to Robert Gutierrez, Jr. Award of Air Force Cross to Russell M. Hunt Award of Air Force Cross to Theodore M. Hamlin Award of Air Force Cross to Thomas A. Newman Award of Air Force Cross to Timothy A. Wilkinson Award of Air Force Cross to Victor R. Adams Award of Air Force Cross to William A. Robinson Award of Air Force Cross to William H. Pitsenbarger Award of Air Force Cross to Zachary J. Rhyner "Battle Flag of the Confederacy" Bernard Whitehurst and the Whitehurst Case / Montgomery: Learning From the Past Bertha Pleasant Williams / Rosa Parks Branch Library Bertha Pleasant Williams Library Bethel Missionary Baptist Church Beulah Baptist Church Birth of Montgomery Bus Boycott Birthplace of Nat "King" Cole Black Bricklayers Hall Black Churches Provide Significant Support for the March and Voting Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879 Black Members of the Alabama Legislature Who Served During The Reconstruction Period of 1868-1879 Boeing B-52D "Stratofortress" Brewer Memorial Church Brigadier General Birkett Davenport Fry, CSA / Colonel B.D. Fry at Battle of Gettysburg British and Commonwealth Pilots Trained in the U.S.A. Camellia Designated Alabama State Flower Camp Sheridan Campsite 4 Capitol Heights Elementary School Centennial Hill Cessna T-41A "Mescalero" Changing Roles of AU Chantilly Plantation Charles Oscar Harris Family Home Charlie and Lucille Times Chennault Circle Chris’ Hot Dogs City of Montgomery / Court Square City of St. Jude/The Selma to Montgomery March Civil Rights Freedom Riders Civil War - Barnes School / Figh-Pickett House Civil War Laurel Oak Tree Civil War Medicine / Montgomery's Confederate Hospitals Clement Clay "Bo" Torbert, Jr. Cleveland Court Apartments Combat Skyspot Confederate Military Prison / Civil War Military Prisons Confederate States of America (CSA) Post Office Department Corporal Vernon L. Burge Cotton State / Slavery Court Square Fountain Day Street Baptist Church Decorative Lions Heads Dexter Avenue Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church Dr. J. Marion Sims Ebenezer Primitive Baptist Church Elijah Cook / City of Montgomery v. Rosa Parks Emancipation / Reconstruction Encanchata Ernest C. “Sonny” Hornsby Establishment of Air University 1946 Expansion of Air University Fair Prospect Cemetery Montgomery County Fallen Vietnam War Heroes of Montgomery County Federal Road, 1805, First Baptist Church First Baptist Church First National Confederate Flag First United Methodist Church First White House of the Confederacy Fitzgerald Home Flame of Freedom Folmar - Siegelman House Forest Avenue's Medical Facilities / Oak Park Montgomery's First Public Park Former POWs And Those MIA Four Points: One of Several Black Business Hubs in Montgomery Fourth Aviation Squadron Historic District Fred David Gray From Bus Boycott to Voting Rights: Community Activism 1955-65 General Charles Graham Boyd General Larry D. Welch General Richard Montgomery Statue George Washington Georgia Gilmore Georgia Washington School Globalization / 21st Century Economy Governor Jones House Governor Shorter House Governor William Calvin Oates / Colonel W. C. Oates, CSA at Gettysburg Grace Episcopal Church Great Depression / New Deal Gunter Annex / Gunter Basic Flying Training School Hall Street Baptist Church Harris House Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks Heroes' Welcome High Red Bluff Highway Construction Destroys Historic Black Neighborhoods Historic Chappell House Historic Site of St. James Holt Crossing Baptist Church Historic Sites Near Fairview Environmental Park History of the Alabama State Bar Holt Street Baptist Church Home of Dr. E. D. Nixon, Sr. Home of Ralph David Abernathy House of the Mayors Howell Thomas Heflin Huntingdon College Industrialization / Iron Boom James Edwin Livingston James Marion Sims Janney Foundry Co. Jefferson Davis John Allan Wyeth Johnnie R. and Arlam Carr, Sr. Home Joint Programs Jonathan Coggswell Farley / Montgomery's First Election Joseph Lister Hill Josiah Morris Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of Segregation Juliette Hampton Morgan / Montgomery City-County Public Library Kahl Montgomery/Catoma Street Church of Christ Khobar Towers Memorial Knox Hall Korean Service Memorial & Medal Korean War Ladies Memorial Association Lilly Baptist Church Lincoln Cemetery / Rufus Payne, 1884-1939 Lister Hill Center Lomax House, 1848 Loveless School/Henry Allen Loveless Lower Dexter Park Lt. William C. Maxwell / Air Force ROTC Lucas Hill Cemetery Lucas Tavern Lucas Tavern Lucas Tavern / Lafayette Lucien Dunbibben Gardner Made in Alabama / Space Race Madison Park School Maj. Gen. Claire L. Chennault / Three Men on a Flying Trapeze Major Charles W. Davis, Infantry United States Army / "Above and Beyond" Major General James Harrison Wilson, USV Major Lemuel Purnell Montgomery Marching On Marching to Montgomery Marks House Marquis de Lafayette Marshall J. Moore House Maxwell Air Force Base and the Air University Maxwell Air Force Base/Air University McDonnell Douglas F-4D "Phantom II" McDonnell RF-101C "Voodoo" Minister's Home / Dr. Martin Luther King Montgomery Montgomery and Electricity / Hydroelectricity in the River Region Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce Montgomery Chapter of the American Ex-Prisoners of War Montgomery City Hall / Funeral for Hank Williams Montgomery County Circuit Court / Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse Montgomery County Korean War Veterans Montgomery County Vietnam War Memorial Montgomery County World War II Monument Montgomery Freemasonry Montgomery Racial Segregation on Buses Montgomery Theatre Montgomery's Panel Project Montgomery's Slave Depots/Montgomery's Slave Traders Montgomery’s Slave Markets / First Emancipation Observance - 1866 Monument to Powered Flight "Moon Tree" Mount Zion African Methodist Episcopal AME Zion Church Murphy House Naming the City of Montgomery / Brigadier General Richard Montgomery Native Americans Naval Heroes of the War of 1812 North American B-25 Mitchell North American F-100D "Super Sabre" North American F-86A "Sabre" Northrop T-38A "Talon" Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill Old Elam Baptist Church Old Elam Baptist Church Cemetery Old Oakwood Cemetery Old Ship A.M.E. Zion Church Operation Allied Force Operation Eagle Claw Operation Noble Eagle Ordeman House Museum Percy Lavon Julian Pickett Springs / “The Best Public Resort” Pike Road School Pintlala Grange Hall / Grange Hall School Pintlala School Pioneer Settlers of Ebenezer Community Pisgah Primitive Baptist Church Populism / 1901 Constitution Portrait of Rosa Parks Professor John Metcalfe Starke / Starke University School Racial Inequality in the United States Rainbow Soldier Ray Cemetery Ray W. Scott Jr. Founded Bass Anglers Movement Remount Depot / Keyton Station Reorganization Republic F-105D "Thunderchief" Resistance and War / Alabama Fever Return from the Argonne Rev. John L. Alford Sr. Rev. Richard C. Boone Rev. Robert S. & Jean Graetz Rice-Semple-Haardt House Rosa Louise McCauley Parks / The Bus Stop Rosa Louise Parks Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott / Hank Williams Alabama Troubadour Rosa Parks Returns to St. Paul AME / Rosa Parks's Faith Guided Her Life Rosa Parks Statue Ross-Clayton Funeral Home, Inc. Royal Air Force Burial Ground Rural Life / Agricultural Economy Secession & Confederacy / Civil War Second National Confederate Flag Segregation / Civil Rights Selma-to-Montgomery March Sherman W. White, Jr. Sidney Lanier High School Sikorsky MH-53M 'Pave Low IV' Helicopter Site of Indian Town Tawasa Site of the Warren Reese House Smith - Joseph - Stratton House South Jackson Street / Victor Hugo Tulane Southwest Asia Service Medal St. John's Episcopal Church St. Paul A.M.E. Church St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church Struggle For Colonial Empire Support: Local and Organizational Swayne College / Booker T. Washington School Tankersley Rosenwald School Taylor Field Teague House Teague Road Teague Road Telegram Which Began War Between The States / Winter Building "That Others May Live" The Air Corps Tactical School The Air Power Legacy The Bethel Cemetery The Capital City Guards The Domestic Slave Trade / Slave Transportation to Montgomery The Dowe Houses The E. L. Posey Parking Lot The Federal Road / Manac's Tavern The First Offices of the Confederate Government The First White House of the Confederacy The Five Points Area: A Unique Blend of Communities in 1965 The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and US Courthouse The Freedom Rides The Hon. Rufus A. Lewis The Jackson-Community House/The Montgomery City Federation of Women’s Clubs The Jonesville Community The Lightning Route / Central Bank Building The Montgomery Slave Trade/Warehouses Used in the Slave Trade The Montgomery Theater The Moore-Tyson-McPhillips Home The National Memorial for Peace and Justice The Next Fifty Years The Oaks Plantation The Reality The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March The Spirit of the Minuteman The Thunderbirds The Transatlantic Slave Trade The Wharton-Chappell House / Riverside Heights The Wright Brothers Flying School "Third National Confederate Flag" Thompson Mansion Thousands Protest at the Seat of Government Thunderbird Park To the Memory of General Marquis De La Fayette Town of Pike Road Veterans Memorial Train Shed 1897 Tribute to Montgomery's "Foot Soldiers" Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church Unforgettable Union Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church Union Station & Riverfront Park / Lower Commerce Street United States Flag Raised Over Alabama Capitol Vietnam Service Memorial William C. Oates William Lowndes Yancey William R. Lawley, Jr. Wilson Hall World War I Memorial World War II / Defense Economy Wright Brothers Flying School Year of Training “Bird-Dog”
The city of Anniston, Alabama was the site of one of the most violent incidents of the Civil Rights Era. In 1961, a bus carrying Freedom Riders, a group of civil rights activists, was attacked and set on fire by a mob in Anniston.
Montgomery County, Alabama has a rich and diverse history that stretches back centuries. The area's earliest inhabitants were Native American tribes, such as the Creek and Alibamu, who occupied the region for thousands of years. European exploration and settlement began in the 16th century, with French and Spanish explorers mapping the area. However, it was not until the early 19th century that Montgomery County began to take shape.

The county was officially established in 1816 and named after General Richard Montgomery, a Revolutionary War hero. The city of Montgomery, located in the heart of the county, quickly became its center of economic and political activity. The county's fertile soils made it ideal for agriculture, and cotton soon became the dominant crop. The heavy reliance on enslaved labor led to Montgomery County becoming a major hub of the domestic slave trade.

Montgomery County played a crucial role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. The city of Montgomery was the site of several historically significant events, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, sparked by Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her bus seat. This event marked a turning point in the fight against racial segregation and inspired similar movements across the country.

Today, Montgomery County continues to thrive as the capital of Alabama and a center for government, industry, and culture. The county is home to numerous historical landmarks, such as Old Alabama Town and the Civil Rights Memorial, which commemorate the area's rich history. With a diverse population and a growing economy, Montgomery County looks to the future while acknowledging its past and the important role it played in shaping the nation.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Montgomery County, Alabama.

  • 1816: Montgomery County is established and named after Lemuel P. Montgomery, an early settler in the area.
  • 1846: Montgomery becomes the state capital of Alabama.
  • 1861-1865: Montgomery plays a significant role in the Civil War as the first capital of the Confederate States of America.
  • 1870: The completion of the Montgomery and West Point Railroad connects Montgomery to the major port city of Mobile, boosting economic growth.
  • 1955: The Montgomery Bus Boycott takes place after Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat, becoming a pivotal moment in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • 1965: Montgomery serves as a starting point for the historic Selma to Montgomery marches for voting rights.
  • 2001: Hyundai opens a manufacturing plant in Montgomery County, bringing economic investment and job opportunities to the area.