The city of Anniston, Alabama was the site of one of the most violent incidents of the Civil Rights Era. In 1961, a bus carrying Freedom Riders, a group of civil rights activists, was attacked and set on fire by a mob in Anniston.
Monroe County, located in southern Alabama, has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous Native American tribes, such as the Choctaw and Creek, who lived off the land and left behind traces of their culture and existence.

The county was officially established in 1815 and named after President James Monroe. In its early years, Monroe County saw steady growth with the construction of roads and ferries, which facilitated trade and transportation. Agriculture played a crucial role in the county's development, with cotton becoming the dominant crop and leading to the rise of a plantation economy.

During the Civil War, Monroe County became a strategic point due to its proximity to the Gulf Coast. The county witnessed intense fighting, with several significant battles taking place, such as the Battle of Canebrake and the Battle of Old Texas. Many homes and properties were destroyed during this time, leaving a lasting impact on the local community.

In the post-war years, Monroe County saw a transition from an agricultural economy to a more diversified one. The arrival of the timber industry brought about economic growth, providing employment opportunities for the local population. Today, Monroe County preserves its heritage through various historical sites and museums, allowing visitors to explore its past while also embracing the present.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Monroe County, Alabama.

  • 1815 - Monroe County, Alabama, is established as one of the original 13 counties formed by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly.
  • 1820 - The county seat is established in Claiborne, which later becomes an important center for commerce and trade.
  • 1833 - The Treaty of Cusseta is signed, leading to the forced removal of Creek Native Americans from the area.
  • 1834 - The first permanent courthouse is constructed in the newly established county seat of Monroeville.
  • 1861-1865 - Monroe County endures the hardships and devastation caused by the American Civil War.
  • 1930s - Monroeville gains national attention as author Harper Lee, a native of the town, sets her famous novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" in a fictionalized version of Monroeville.
  • 1941-1945 - Monroe County residents support the war effort during World War II, both on the home front and through military service.
  • 1960s - Monroeville and Monroe County become involved in the Civil Rights Movement, with significant events, protests, and demonstrations taking place.
  • 1990s - The Monroe County Heritage Museum is established to preserve and showcase the history and culture of the county.