Historical Markers in
Mobile County, Alabama

10" Rifled Sea Coast Columbiad 19th Century Shipwreck 26 - Foot Motor Surfboat 400 Government Street 1860 41-Foot Utility Boat 6-Pounder Saluting Gun A National Cemetery System Africatown Alabama Dry Dock & Shipbuilding Company Alabama's Coastal Connection Alexis de Tocqueville An Unheralded Breed of Soldier Anchor From U.S.S. Hartford Andrew N. Johnson Australia B-52D "Stratofortress" Barton Academy Barton Academy Battle of Coffeeville Memorial Battle of Fort Blakely Monument Battle of Mobile Bay Memorial Bayou La Batre Bayou La Batre Bayou La Batre, Alabama Belgium Bettie Hunter House Big Zion African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Britain British Occupation of Dauphin Island Cadillac Homesite Caldwell Field Caldwell School Canada Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception / Archdiocese of Mobile Catholic Cemetery Christ Church Christian Benevolent Funeral Home Christopher First Johnson House City Hall City of Chickasaw Colombia Confederate Rest Crawford Methodist Cemetery, Mobile County Creole Firehouse #1 Crew of CSS H. L. Hunley Memorial Crown & Scepter of Isabel CSS Alabama Memorial Cudjoe “Kazoola” Lewis "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865 Dauphin Island Indian Shell Mound Park Dave Patton Dr. H. Roger Williams Dr. James A. Franklin Dr. Thomas N. Harris Dunbar/Central High School Ellicott's Stone Emerson Institute Energy from the Sands of Time Ephraim Kirby's Grave Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd / Founding Members Ethiopia Finley's Drug Stores Fort Gaines Fort Stoddert Fort Stoddert France Gen. William C. Gorgas Government Street Presbyterian Church Grace Lutheran Church Grand Bay Elementary School for Colored Greece Grumman HU-16E Albatross H.L. Hunley "Having Surrendered Their Arms, the War, to Them, Was Over" Hernando de Soto Home of Joe Cain Home of Raphael Semmes Horace O. Davis How Big was the Original Fort Condé? In Memory of the Battle of Mobile Bay Isabel La Catolica It Takes a Village James W. Roper Joe Cain John F. Porter, Jr. Goat Tree Reserve / The Goat Tree John Forbes & Co. John L. LeFlore John L. LeFlore Johnson and Allen Mortuary Joseph (Joe) N. Langan Judge Virgil Pittman / Wiley L. Bolden, Sr. L'Arbre de Pau Le Marquis de Lafayette visited Mobile "Little Church in the Pines" Luxembourg M26 Pershing M42 Duster M60A1 Magnolia Cemetery McGowin-Lyons Memorial Park Memorial to USS Herring (SS-233) Merchants National Bank Building Michael Donald Mobile City Hospital Mobile City Limits Mobile City Limits Mobile City Limits Mobile National Cemetery Mobile's First Jail Mobile's First Mardi Gras Parade Mobile's Last Mule Car Mobile's Spanish Fountain Most Pure Heart of Mary Catholic Church Mount Vernon Arsenal Mount Vernon Historical Museum and Train Depot Mt. Vernon Arsenal and Barracks/Searcy Hospital Mt. Vernon Federal Highway National African-American Archives and Museum Netherlands New Zealand Nicola Marschall Residence Oaklawn Cemetery Oakleigh Office of Dr. Henry S. LeVert, 1804-1864. Old Church Street Cemetery - 1819 Old Military Road and Old Federal Road Old Plateau Cemetery Old Slave Markets Oldest Episcopal Church in the State On this Spot Woodrow Wilson Said: Our Spanish Heritage Philippines Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville Portier House Protestant Children's Home Restoring Justice / Lives Lost in The Segregation Era Richards D.A.R. House Museum Saenger Theatre Sand Town "Save Your Garrison." Second Fort Conde Ruin Semmes Semmes Heritage Park Sha'arei Shomayim Cemetery Shaarai Shomayim Sikorsky Helicopter "SeaGuard" Site of Mobile's First Theater Site of Old Mobile Site of Sixth Mobile Theatre South Africa South Korea Springhill Avenue Temple Congregation St. Bridget's Catholic Church St. John's Episcopal Church St. Louis Street Missionary Baptist Church St. Martin de Porres Hospital St. Peter the Apostle Catholic Church Stone Street Baptist Church Storm Clouds Gather Surrender Site T-55 Main Battle Tank "Take Her Down!" Tank M48A1 Thailand The Bee Hive The Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception The Comic Cowboys of Mobile The Convent of Mercy The Fallen Guardians Monument The Five Crommelin Brothers of Alabama The Hunley The Knights of Peter Claver Monument The Little Colt The Lower Alabama Vietnam Veterans Memorial The Markers In This Memorial Area The Mitchell Home The Mobile Bar Association The Quigley House The Revolutionary War at Mobile The Salvation Army in Mobile The Shepard House The Site of Historic Fort Condé The Slave Market The Story of Bellingrath Gardens The Submarine Lookout Memorial The UNESCO Slave Route: Resistance, Liberty, Heritage / Honoring The Memory Of The Ancestors "To Be Blown To Kingdom Come" To Jean Baptiste LeMoyne Trinity Episcopal Church Tristan de Luna y Arellano Turkey U.S. Coast Guard Monument U.S. Marine Hospital Union Baptist Church / Founders of Union Baptist Church United States Ship Alabama (BB-60) USN Patrol Boat Vernon Z. Crawford Law Firm Vickery's Bridge Vivian Malone Jones W.H. Council Traditional School WALA-TV, Channel 10 Wallace Turnage Whistler Methodist Church William Bartram Trail “Damn the Torpedoes!”
The city of Mobile, Alabama is home to the oldest Mardi Gras celebration in the United States. The first Mardi Gras parade in Mobile took place in 1703, just one year after the city was founded by the French.
Mobile County, located in southwestern Alabama, has a rich and diverse history that spans centuries. The area was originally inhabited by indigenous Native American tribes, including the Mobile, Tensaw, and Choctaw peoples. The first European explorers to arrive in the area were Spanish explorers in the early 16th century. They established settlements along the Mobile Bay, including the city of Mobile, which would later become the county seat.

During the 18th century, Mobile County saw significant French, Spanish, and British influence as the area changed hands multiple times. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years' War and ceded Mobile and the rest of French Louisiana to the British. However, Spanish forces regained control of the region in 1780, and it became part of Spanish West Florida until 1813. It was then annexed by the United States and incorporated into the Mississippi Territory.

Mobile County played a pivotal role during the Civil War. As an important port city, it became a strategic target for both Union and Confederate forces. In 1864, Union forces captured Mobile, effectively cutting off a significant Confederate supply line and contributing to the ultimate collapse of the Confederacy. The post-war years brought recovery and rebuilding to the county, and Mobile remained an important center for commerce and industry.

In the 20th and 21st centuries, Mobile County continued to grow and develop. It became a major hub for the shipbuilding and aerospace industries, hosting companies like Austal USA and Airbus. The growth of these industries has contributed to the county's economic prosperity and population growth. Today, Mobile County remains a vibrant and diverse region, known for its rich cultural heritage, beautiful coastline, and growing industries.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Mobile County, Alabama.

  • 1700s - Mobile County was inhabited by Native American tribes including the Choctaw, Creek, and Mobile tribes.
  • 1702 - French settlers established the first European settlement in the region, known as Fort Louis de la Mobile.
  • 1763 - Mobile County became part of the British colony of West Florida after the French and Indian War.
  • 1783 - Mobile County became part of Spanish West Florida following the American Revolution.
  • 1813-1814 - Mobile County played a significant role in the Creek War, with the Battle of Holy Ground being a major conflict.
  • 1819 - Mobile County and the rest of Alabama became a territory of the United States.
  • 1821 - Mobile County was officially established as a county in the state of Alabama.
  • 1830s - Mobile County experienced rapid economic growth due to cotton production and the thriving port of Mobile.
  • 1861-1865 - Mobile County was heavily involved in the Civil War, with the city of Mobile serving as an important Confederate port.
  • 1901 - The Alabama Constitution was ratified, leading to segregation and disenfranchisement laws affecting Mobile County.
  • 1940s-1950s - Mobile County played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement, with events such as the Mobile Bus Boycott.
  • 1970s - Mobile County experienced industrial growth with the development of the steel and shipbuilding industries.