The city of Anniston, Alabama was the site of one of the most violent incidents of the Civil Rights Era. In 1961, a bus carrying Freedom Riders, a group of civil rights activists, was attacked and set on fire by a mob in Anniston.
Lowndes County, Alabama, has a rich history dating back to the early 1800s. The land that is now Lowndes County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Choctaw. In 1819, the area became part of the newly formed state of Alabama.

In the early years of its history, Lowndes County was primarily an agricultural region, with cotton being the dominant crop. The county's fertile soil and favorable climate made it a prime location for cotton plantations. Slavery was also widespread during this time, with enslaved African Americans playing a crucial role in the county's economy.

The Civil War had a significant impact on Lowndes County. Many men from the county enlisted in the Confederate army, and the war brought about social and economic changes. After the war, the county experienced a period of Reconstruction, marked by efforts to rebuild infrastructure and address the challenges faced by freed slaves.

In the 20th century, Lowndes County became a focal point of the Civil Rights Movement. The county gained national attention in 1965 when a group of African American citizens initiated a voting rights march from Selma to its county seat, Hayneville. The march came to be known as the Selma to Montgomery March and played a significant role in the fight for equal voting rights for African Americans.

Today, Lowndes County continues to be a diverse community with a mix of agriculture and industry. It is home to a number of historical landmarks and attractions, including the Lowndes County Interpretive Center, which provides insight into the county's history and its role in the Civil Rights Movement.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Lowndes County, Alabama.

  • 1817: Lowndes County is established in the Alabama Territory.
  • 1840s: The county experiences a boom in cotton production and becomes a major agricultural center.
  • 1857: The county seat is established in the town of Hayneville.
  • 1861-1865: Lowndes County supports the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
  • 1887: The county's first public school system is established.
  • 1920s: Lowndes County is affected by the Great Depression, resulting in economic hardship for many residents.
  • 1965: Lowndes County gains national attention during the Civil Rights Movement with the Selma to Montgomery marches.
  • 2001: The city of Fort Deposit celebrates its bicentennial.
  • 2010: Lowndes County's population reaches a historic low due to outmigration and a decline in industrial activity.