Alabama was the first state in the United States to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836.
Lawrence County, Alabama, located in the northern part of the state, has a rich and diverse history. The region was first inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Chickasaw and Creek. In the 19th century, European settlers arrived, with the county being named after James Lawrence, an American naval officer. Lawrence County quickly developed as an agricultural center, with cotton becoming the primary crop.

During the American Civil War, Lawrence County played a significant role. It was occupied by both Union and Confederate forces at different times. In 1864, the area experienced the Battle of Day's Gap, a key engagement in the Union Army's efforts to destroy the Confederate supply line. Over time, the county's economy shifted away from agriculture, and industries such as coal mining and textile production began to emerge.

In the 20th century, Lawrence County continued to progress and face challenges. The Great Depression in the 1930s had a profound impact on the local economy, leading to increased poverty and unemployment rates. However, the introduction of the Tennessee Valley Authority's Wheeler Dam in the 1930s brought much-needed infrastructure and electricity to the region, stimulating economic growth.

Today, Lawrence County is known for its rich natural resources, including the William B. Bankhead National Forest and the Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge. The county is also home to Moulton, the county seat, which hosts the annual Cotton Festival. With its diverse history and natural beauty, Lawrence County remains an important part of Alabama's cultural and economic landscape.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Lawrence County, Alabama.

  • 1818 - Lawrence County is created as a part of the Alabama Territory
  • 1830 - The county seat is established in Moulton
  • 1840s - Lawrence County becomes a major center for cotton farming
  • 1862 - During the American Civil War, the county is occupied by Union forces
  • 1873 - The county courthouse in Moulton is destroyed by fire
  • 1891 - The Alabama Girls' Industrial School, now known as the University of North Alabama, is established in Florence
  • 1933 - The Bankhead National Forest is established, covering parts of Lawrence County
  • 1974 - The Oakville Indian Mounds Archaeological Park is opened, showcasing ancient Native American mounds
  • 1992 - The town of Hillsboro is added to Lawrence County
  • 2011 - The Willie Mays Boyhood Home and Museum is opened in Westfield, honoring the baseball legend's childhood