The first known use of the phrase "Roll Tide" was in a 1907 Birmingham News article that referred to the University of Alabama football team. The phrase became a rallying cry for Alabama football fans and is still used today.
Hale County, Alabama has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Choctaw and Creek tribes. European explorers, including Hernando de Soto, arrived in the area in the 16th century, but it was not until the early 19th century that European settlers began to establish permanent communities.

Hale County was formed in 1867, following the end of the American Civil War. It was named after Confederate officer Stephen F. Hale. The county quickly became an agricultural hub, with cotton becoming the primary crop grown in the region. The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century further bolstered the area's economy and facilitated the growth of small towns within the county.

The early 20th century brought both prosperity and challenges to Hale County. The prosperous cotton industry allowed for the development of thriving communities, such as Greensboro and Moundville, while also resulting in a reliance on sharecropping and the exploitation of African American laborers. This period also witnessed significant social and political changes, including the Civil Rights Movement, which had a profound impact on the county.

In recent decades, Hale County has experienced economic challenges as the agricultural sector has declined. Efforts have been made to diversify the local economy and attract businesses in other industries, such as manufacturing and healthcare. The region is also known for its cultural heritage, with various historical landmarks, museums, and festivals celebrating the rich history of Hale County.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Hale County, Alabama.

  • 1818 - Hale County is established as a county in the state of Alabama.
  • 1831 - The town of Greensboro is incorporated, becoming the county seat of Hale County.
  • 1854 - The first railroad, the Alabama and Tennessee River Railroad, is completed in the county.
  • 1861-1865 - Hale County is heavily impacted by the American Civil War.
  • 1868 - The Hale County Courthouse in Greensboro is completed.
  • 1929 - The Great Depression brings economic hardship to Hale County.
  • 1937 - The Rural Studio program is established at Auburn University in Hale County, focusing on designing and building sustainable homes for low-income residents.
  • 1960s - The Civil Rights Movement has a significant impact on Hale County, with the town of Greensboro becoming an important location for civil rights activities.
  • 2003 - The Newbern Town Hall, designed by the Rural Studio, is completed.
  • 2015 - The National Voting Rights Museum and Institute is established in Selma, a city in Hale County, to honor the history of the Voting Rights Movement.