National Register Listing in
Coosa County, Alabama

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Alabama is home to several important civil rights landmarks, including the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, which was the site of a deadly bombing in 1963, and the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, which was the site of the "Bloody Sunday" confrontation between civil rights marchers and state troopers in 1965.
Coosa County, Alabama, has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The region was once inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Cherokee. The Creek, specifically the Upper Creek, were the dominant tribe in this area during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Coosa County derived its name from a Creek Indian village named Coosa, which was located on the Coosa River.

European settlers began to arrive in the early 19th century, leading to conflicts with the Creek Indians. During the Creek War of 1813-1814, General Andrew Jackson and his troops fought against the Creek in what became known as the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, a decisive victory that led to the Treaty of Fort Jackson. The treaty forced the Creek to cede their lands in present-day Coosa County and much of Alabama to the United States, resulting in the displacement of the Native American population.

Following the removal of the Creek Indians, Coosa County was officially established on December 18, 1832. The county grew steadily over time, with agriculture, particularly cotton farming, becoming its primary industry. The county was also home to several thriving mineral industries, including iron ore mining, coal mining, and marble production. This led to economic growth and attracted more settlers to the region.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Coosa County, like many areas in the South, faced significant challenges due to the Civil War and Reconstruction. However, the county rebounded and continued to develop in the following years. Today, Coosa County remains an important part of Alabama's history, with its diverse heritage, natural beauty, and prominent landmarks attracting visitors from near and far.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Coosa County, Alabama.

  • 1832 - Coosa County was established by the Alabama Legislature.
  • 1834 - The county seat was established in Rockford.
  • 1836 - The Creek War ended, allowing settlers to begin moving into the area.
  • 1861-1865 - Coosa County residents actively participated in the American Civil War.
  • 1907 - The first motorized vehicle arrived in Coosa County.
  • 1923 - The first telephone lines were installed in the county.
  • 1941-1945 - Coosa County contributed to the World War II efforts.
  • 1965 - The Coosa County Historical Society was founded to preserve local history and culture.
  • 1997 - The Coosa County Courthouse, built in 1910, was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
  • 2000 - Coosa County celebrated its 150th anniversary.