National Register Listings in
Chilton County, Alabama

Available on Amazon
The state of Alabama played a significant role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s. The Montgomery Bus Boycott, which was sparked by Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat on a bus, took place in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955. The city was also the site of the Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965, which were a key event in the struggle for voting rights for African Americans.
Chilton County, Alabama, located in the central part of the state, has a rich and diverse history dating back centuries. First inhabited by Native American tribes, such as the Creek and Cherokee, the area saw European explorers arrive in the 16th century. It was part of the vast Creek Indian Territory until the Creek War of 1813-1814, when the Creek Nation ceded the land to the United States.

In the early 19th century, settlers moved to the area and brought agriculture to Chilton County. The fertile land made it perfect for farming, primarily cotton and corn. As more families moved to the region, small communities began to emerge, including the county seat of Clanton, which was incorporated in 1870.

The arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century brought further growth and development to Chilton County. The transportation connection made it easier for products to be shipped and for people to travel, leading to increased economic activity. With the introduction of the peach industry in the early 20th century, Chilton County gained its reputation as the "Peach Capital of Alabama."

Chilton County faced challenges during the Great Depression, as did the rest of the country. However, the resilience of its people and the diversification of agriculture helped the community weather the storm. The county continued to thrive, with the peach industry becoming one of its major economic drivers, attracting tourists from all over to enjoy the annual peach festivals that celebrate this delicious fruit.

Today, Chilton County remains a vibrant community with a strong agricultural heritage. Though peach farming has faced some difficulties in recent years, the county still produces a significant portion of Alabama's fruit, while also embracing other industries such as poultry, cattle, and timber. The history of Chilton County is deeply intertwined with its agricultural roots, and it continues to maintain its status as a fruitful and essential part of Alabama's economy.

This timeline provides a glimpse into the major events and milestones that have shaped the history of Chilton County, Alabama.

  • Chilton County was established on December 30, 1868.
  • In 1914, the Alabama Power Company built the Mitchell Dam on the Coosa River.
  • Chilton County's peach industry began to thrive in the 1920s.
  • In 1942, the Cahaba Coal Fields No. 4 and 8 shipped over 660,000 tons of coal.
  • Construction of Interstate 65 through Chilton County was completed in 1973.
  • In 2000, the population of Chilton County reached over 39,000 people.
  • In 2011, Chilton County celebrated its 150th anniversary.