National Register Listings in
Calhoun County, Alabama

Aderholdt's Mill Anniston Cotton Manufacturing Company Anniston Electric and Gas Company Plant, Old Anniston Inn Kitchen Anniston Transfer Company Bagley-Cater Building Bank of Anniston Caldwell Building Calhoun County Courthouse Coldwater Creek Covered Bridge Cooper, Davis C., House Crowan Cottage Downtown Anniston Historic District Downtown Anniston Historic District (Boundary Increase) Downtown Jacksonville Historic District East Anniston Residential Historic District First Presbyterian Church Fort McClellan Ammunition Storage Historic District Fort McClellan Industrial Historic District Fort McClellan Post Headquarters Historic District Fort McClellan World War II Housing Historic District Francis, Dr. J. C., Office Glen Addie Volunteer Hose Company Fire Hall Glenwood Terrace Residential Historic District Glover, Henry Burt, House Grace Episcopal Church Greenwood Henry, Charles B., Barn Hillside Cemetery Huger, Richard P., House Janney Furnace Kilby House Kress Building Lyric Theatre McKleroy-Wilson-Kirby House Montgomery Ward-Alabama Power Company Building Mount Zion Baptist Church Noble Cottage Noble, Samuel, Monument Noble-McCaa-Butler House Nonnenmacher Bakery Nonnenmacher House Oak Tree Cottage Parker Memorial Baptist Church Parker-Reynolds House Peerless Saloon Profile Cotton Mills Historic District Saint Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church Security Bank Building Smith, Lansing T., House Snow, Dudley, House Southern Railway Depot St. Michael and All Angels Episcopal Church Temple Beth-El Ten Oaks The Pines Tyler Hill Residential Historic District U.S. Post Office Union Depot and Freight House West Fifteenth Street Historic District Wikle Drug Company Woods, Alexander, House
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The University of Alabama was the site of one of the most dramatic moments in college football history. In 1970, legendary Alabama head coach Bear Bryant walked onto the field during a game against Southern California and ordered his team to remove their helmets as a sign of respect for the recent passing of USC's coach.
Calhoun County, Alabama, is located in the northeastern part of the state. The region that now encompasses Calhoun County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Creek and Cherokee. In the early 1800s, European settlers began to put down roots in the area, attracted by the fertile land and abundant natural resources such as timber and minerals.

The county was established in 1832 and named after John C. Calhoun, a prominent South Carolina statesman and Vice President of the United States. During the 19th century, Calhoun County experienced rapid growth and development, thanks in large part to the growth of the textile industry. Textile mills sprang up across the county, creating jobs and transforming the county's economy.

Calhoun County played a significant role in the Civil War. As part of the Confederacy, the county saw several battles and skirmishes, including the Battle of Morton's Ford and the Battle of Blue Mountain. After the war, the county worked to rebuild and diversify its economy, with the textile industry remaining an important sector.

In the 20th century, Calhoun County continued to evolve. The county saw the rise of the automobile industry, with several manufacturing plants opening up in the area. Additionally, the expansion of education and healthcare institutions, including Jacksonville State University and Anniston Regional Medical Center, further contributed to the county's growth and development. Today, Calhoun County is known for its thriving manufacturing sector, educational opportunities, and natural beauty, making it a desirable place to live and work.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Calhoun County, Alabama.

  • 1832 - Calhoun County is established, named after John C. Calhoun, the seventh Vice President of the United States.
  • 1834 - Jacksonville is chosen as the county seat.
  • 1836 - The county experiences rapid growth due to the Creek War and the removal of Native American tribes.
  • 1861-1865 - Calhoun County strongly supports the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
  • 1867 - Anniston is founded as a planned industrial city.
  • 1872 - The first railroad is completed in the county, connecting Anniston to Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1887 - Oxford is incorporated as a city.
  • 1929 - Fort McClellan is established as an Army infantry training center.
  • 1936 - The Talladega National Forest is declared, encompassing parts of Calhoun County.
  • 1961 - The Anniston Army Depot is established, becoming an important military installation.
  • 1992 - Jacksonville State University wins the NCAA Division II Football Championship.
  • 2001 - The former Fort McClellan is decommissioned and becomes the Center for Domestic Preparedness.