Historical Markers in
Allegany County, Maryland

112 Washington Street 208 Washington Street 211 Washington Street 212 Washington Street 213 Washington Street 217 Washington Street 222 Washington Street 301 Washington Street 30th Regiment Infantry U.S.C.T. 406 Washington Street 505 Washington Street 515 Washington Street 516 Washington Street 519 Washington Street 527 Washington Street 528 Washington Street 600 Washington Street 601 Washington Street 602 Washington Street 604 Washington Street 606 Washington Street 607 Washington Street 610 Washington Street 611 Washington Street 615 Washington Street 617 Washington Street 632 Washington Street A Boom for Cumberland A Canal Boat Replica—The Cumberland A Home on the Boat—The Captain's Cabin Abandonment of Ft. Cumberland Algonquian Hotel Allegany County Allegany County Academy Allegany County Library Allen Hall Alteration of the Site American Indian Rockshelter Trail American Revolutionary War Baltimore Orioles (1920 - 1924) Baltimore Street Bridge Bane House Barrellville Honor Roll Beginning Of National Pike Bell Tower Blazing Braddock's Road Boat Building at the Cumberland Basin Braddock Stone Brady Health Center Brady's Crossing Breaking Through a Mountain Brush Tunnel B’er Chayim (Well of Life) Congregation C&O Canal Terminus Canada Hose Company No. 1 Capture of Generals Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook Chesapeake Hall Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church Church of Saint Patrick Church of St. Patrick, Cumberland Civil War in Allegany County Civil War Soldiers Monument Clarysville General Hospital Coal Mining Col. Joshua Fry Col. Thomas Cresap Coming Home to Lonaconing Constitution Park Cook Chapel Corriganville Honor Roll Crossroads of America Mural Crossroads of America Mural Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad Depot Cumberland City Hall Cumberland Gateway Westward Cumberland Hall Cumberland Surrenders Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and Today Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and Today Daniel Cresap Dedicated to Mary E. Myers Dunkle Hall Elisabeth Hitchens Administration Building Ellerslie Honor Roll Emmanuel Episcopal Church Evart's Homesite Explore a Trail Network Faculty Hall Faidley Field Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland First Baptist Church First Church of Christ, Scientist First Federal Court and Postoffice First Mass On This Site First Successful Coke Fired Iron Furnace in America First Toll Gate House Folck's Mill Folck's Mill Folck's Mill Footer's Dye Works Fort Cumberland Trail Frampton Hall Frederick Hall French and Indian War Frost Graves Frost Hall Frostburg Frostburg Frostburg Fuller House George Washington at Will’s Creek George's Creek Coal and Iron Company (1837-1855) George's Creek Valley Gettysburg Campaign Going Against the Grain Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 Gunter Hall Headquarters of George Washington Helmstetter's "Horseshoe" Curve Historic Braddock Road In Honor and Remembrance In Honor and Remembrance In Honor of the Sons and Daughters of Mount Savage In Memoriam In Memoriam In Memory Of In Memory Of Col. Thomas Cresap Indians and Fort Cumberland Irish Laborers Jane Frazier John Mash Jr. Lewis J. Ort Library Life in Pleasant Valley Life on the Canal Log Roll Trail Lonaconing Veterans Memorial Lonaconing's Tumultuous Past Long Pond Trail Lowndes Hall Major Robert E. Townley Martins Mountain Martin’s Plantation Maryland’s Liberty Tree McCausland's Raid McCausland's Raid McNeill’s Raid Memorial Memorial Park Metropolitan A.M.E. Church Michael Cresap Military Hospital Monomoy Surfboat CG 26860 Mount Savage In The Great War Mount Savage Iron Works National Road Monument Nelson P. Guild Center Ohio Co. and Fort Cumberland Old Main Old Town Oldtown and Lock 70 On This Site in 1844 On this Site Originally Stood the Headquarters of George Washington On This Site Stood Metro Clothes Our Dead Are Not Unknown Soldiers Our Heroes Our Honored Dead Our Local Indian Heritage Palisado Fort or Stockade Paw Paw Tunnel Hill Trail Performing Arts Center Perimeter of the Fort Philadelphia Athletics (1925 - 1933) Picket Post No. 1 Pine Lick Trail President Washington's Last Visit - 1794 Public Safety Building Pullen Hall Pvt James D. Pollock Red Sox (1934 - 1941) Riverside Park Robert Moses (Lefty) Grove Saint John N. Neumann Sallie Pollock-Cook-High Shriver House Simpson Hall Site of Bridge 1834 Site of Fort Cumberland Sowers Hall Spitznas Unknown Soldier Plaque St Patrick School Monument St. Ignatius Church St. Ignatius Stone St. Mary's Centennial Tree The Castle The Crash of Buzz One Four The Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad The Early Years — Lonaconing, Maryland The Federal Hill / Evergreen Barn The Federal Hill / Evergreen House The First Iron Rails The First National Bank and Trust Company of Western Maryland The Flood of September 1996 The Fort Bastions The Fort Proper The Francis Haley House The La Vale Toll House The Memorial Window The Naming of Frostburg The Naming of the Lake The Narrows The Narrows The Narrows The National Road The National Road The National Road The Old National Pike The Parade Ground of Fort Cumberland This Tablet Marks the Site of Old Fort Cumberland To The Unknown Confederate Dead Town Clock Church Town Hill Overlook Trenches and Tunnels / Army Discipline Turnbull Mine Car Twiggtown Twin Oaks Trail Veterans Marker Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial Veterans Memorial VFW Post 9451 Memorial Vietnam Memorial Washington’s Road Welcome to "Lefty" Grove Memorial Park Western Maryland Railway Station Westminster Hall Where the Road Began Working Together for the Community World War I Memorial World War I Memorial Wright Butler House WWII Veterans Honor Roll "Braddock's Road" “Spendelow Camp” “The Warrior’s Path”
Maryland was home to one of the first railroads in the United States: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which was founded in 1827, was one of the first railroads in the United States. It played a crucial role in the transportation of goods and people, and helped make Baltimore an important hub for commerce and industry.
Allegany County, located in western Maryland, has a rich and diverse history that stretches back thousands of years. The region was home to Native American tribes, including the Susquehannocks and the Seneca, before the arrival of European settlers. In the 18th century, the French and British fought for control of the area, with the British ultimately establishing dominance and building Fort Cumberland in present-day Cumberland.

During the 19th century, Allegany County experienced significant growth and development due to its close proximity to the National Road, a major transportation route connecting the East Coast to the Ohio River Valley. The county became an important logistical hub and saw the establishment of towns and industries such as manufacturing, coal mining, and transportation. In 1854, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was completed, further boosting commercial activity in the region.

Allegany County played a significant role during the American Civil War. Located on the border between the North and the South, the county was heavily contested and saw multiple skirmishes and battles, including the Battle of Folck's Mill. The war had a lasting impact on the county, causing economic disruption and leaving scars on the landscape.

In the 20th century, Allegany County continued to experience changes in its economy and demographics. The decline of traditional industries such as coal mining and manufacturing led to a shift towards service industries, healthcare, and education. The county is home to Frostburg State University and the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad, which both contribute to its cultural and tourist attractions. Today, Allegany County combines its historical significance with its modern developments, offering a unique blend of heritage and progress.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Allegany County, Maryland.

  • 1789 - Allegany County was established by the General Assembly of Maryland.
  • 1791 - The county seat was established in Cumberland.
  • 1801 - The National Road, a major highway, was authorized to be constructed through Allegany County.
  • 1811 - The first courthouse in Cumberland was completed.
  • 1824 - The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal began construction in Cumberland, becoming an important transportation route.
  • 1851 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad reached Cumberland, further enhancing transportation in the county.
  • 1862 - Allegany County played a significant role in the American Civil War as a transportation hub and defense location.
  • 1920s - The county experienced economic growth due to coal mining and the manufacturing industry.
  • 1950s - The construction of Interstate 68 provided better transportation access to Allegany County.
  • Today - Allegany County continues to be a picturesque area with a mix of rural and urban landscapes, attracting visitors with its natural beauty and historical sites.