National Register Listings in
Sedgwick County, Kansas

Ablah, Frank J. and Harvey J., House Adeline Apartment Building Administration Building Allen's Market Allen, Henry J., House Arkansas Valley Lodge No. 21, Prince Hall Masons Barnes, Oscar D. and Ida, House Battin Apartments Historic District Belmont Arches Bitting Building Bitting Historic District Blaser, Frank E., House Bond-Sullivan House Bowers House Broadview Hotel Broom Corn Warehouse Brown Building Buildings at 800 West Douglas Block Butts, J. Arch, Packard Building Calvary Baptist Church Campbell, B. H., House Carey House Century II Performing Arts and Convention Center Chapman-Noble House Clapp, L. W., House Clapp, R.D.W., House College Hill Park Bathhouse Comley House Commodore Apartment Hotel Cowie, E.S., Electric Company Buildings Cudahy Packing Plant Derby Public School-District 6 Dunbar Theatre Eagle's Lodge #132 East Douglas Avenue Historic District Eastwood Plaza Apartments Ellis-Singleton Building Engine House No. 6 Fairmount Apartments Fairmount Congregational Church Fairmount Cottage Fairview Apartments Farmer's and Banker's Historic District Farmer, J.E., House Fourth National Bank Building Fresh Air Baby Camp Garvey Center Gelbach House Grace Methodist Episcopal Church Guldner House Hayford Buildings Henry's Department Store Hillside Cottage Holyoke Cottage Hypatia House Innes Department Store International Harvester Building Jackman, C.M., House Johnson Drug Store Building Kansas Gas & Electric Company Building Keep Klean Building Kellog Elementary School Kelly, Edward M., House Knightley's Parking Garage Kress, S. H., Company Building Lassen Hotel Lewelling, Governor L.D., House Linwood Park Greenhouse and Maintenance Building Linwood Place Historic District Long, Chester I., House Luling's City Laundry Mack, John, Bridge Market Street Cottage McCormick School McCormick-Armstrong Press Building McLean, Elizabeth, House Mentholatum Company Building Mohr Barn Monroe-Mahan House Mullen Court Apartments Munger, Darius Sales, House Newbern-Gore House Nokomis and Navarre Apartment Buildings North Market Street Apartments Historic District North Riverside Park Comfort Station North Topeka Avenue Apartments Historic District North Topeka Avenue-10th Street Historic District Occidental Hotel Old Mission Mausoleum Old Sedgwick County Courthouse Old Wheeler-Kelly-Hagny Building Orpheum Theater and Office Building Park Place-Fairview Historic District Penley House Powell House Pryor House Riverside Cottage Riverview Apartments Roberts House Rock Island Depot Scottish Rite Temple Sedgwick County Memorial Hall and Soldiers and Sailors Monument Sim Park Golf Course Tee Shelters Smyser House South Kansas Avenue Historic District St. James Episcopal Church St. Mark Church Stackman Court Apartments Sternberg, William, House Stoner Apartment Building Sunnyside School Sutton Place Topeka-Emporia Historic District Union National Bank Building University Hall, Friends University US Post Office and Federal Building-Wichita Van Arsdale, W.O., House Vickers Petroleum Service Station Victor Court Apartments Virginia Apartment Building Wall, Judge T. B., House Western Union Building Westside IOOF Lodge Wichita City Carnegie Library Building Wichita City Hall Wichita High School Wichita Historic Warehouse and Jobbers District Wichita Public Library-Main Branch Wichita Veterans Administration Hospital Wichita Wholesale Grocery Company Wilkie, Grace, House Wilson, Fred D., House Wilson-Boyle House Winders Historic District Woodburn House Woolf Brothers Clothing Company
The Kansas State Capitol building in Topeka features a famous mural called "Tragic Prelude" by John Steuart Curry, which depicts abolitionist John Brown and other figures from Kansas history.
Sedgwick County, Kansas, located in the central part of the state, has a rich and diverse history that spans several centuries. The area that is now Sedgwick County was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Wichita and Taovaya tribes. In the early 1800s, European settlers began to arrive, attracted by the fertile land and abundant natural resources.

In 1867, Sedgwick County was officially established, named after John Sedgwick, a Union Army general during the American Civil War. The county quickly grew and developed as a thriving agricultural community, with wheat becoming the primary crop. The construction of railroads in the late 1800s further accelerated the county's growth, allowing for easier transportation of goods and people.

The early 20th century brought significant changes to Sedgwick County. The city of Wichita, located within the county, experienced an economic boom due to the oil industry and the emergence of aircraft manufacturing. Cessna, Beechcraft, and Learjet, among others, established their headquarters or manufacturing facilities in Wichita, earning the city the nickname "Air Capital of the World."

Throughout the 20th century, Sedgwick County continued to grow and diversify. Today, it is the largest county in Kansas in terms of population. Along with its strong agricultural roots, the county has a diverse economy that includes aerospace, healthcare, education, and advanced manufacturing. Sedgwick County also offers a wide range of cultural and recreational opportunities, such as museums, parks, and annual events like the Wichita Riverfest.

This timeline provides a concise overview of the key events in the history of Sedgwick County, Kansas.

  • 1867 - Sedgwick County is established by the Kansas State Legislature.
  • 1870 - Wichita, the county seat, becomes a major cattle town due to the arrival of the Kansas Pacific Railway.
  • 1873 - The county's first courthouse is built in Wichita.
  • 1880 - The population of Sedgwick County reaches around 18,000.
  • 1900 - Exploration and drilling for oil begins, leading to the discovery of oil fields in the county.
  • 1914 - Henry J. Allen, a former governor of Kansas, establishes the Industrial Survey of Wichita, laying the foundation for the city's industrial growth.
  • 1917 - The United States enters World War I, and Wichita becomes a major aviation center with the establishment of aircraft manufacturing plants.
  • 1925 - The Wichita Municipal Airport, later known as Wichita Mid-Continent Airport, opens.
  • 1951 - McConnell Air Force Base is established in Sedgwick County.
  • 1963 - The Sedgwick County Zoo opens in Wichita.
  • 1976 - The Century II Convention Center is completed in downtown Wichita.
  • 1989 - The Exploration Place, a science and discovery center, opens on the banks of the Arkansas River in Wichita.
  • 1991 - Intrust Bank Arena, a multipurpose entertainment venue, opens in downtown Wichita.