National Register Listings in
Fairfield County, Connecticut

Agudath Sholem Synagogue Allen House, The Aspetuck Historic District Baldwin, Caleb, Tavern Ball and Roller Bearing Company Barlow, Aaron, House Barnum Museum Barnum/Palliser Historic District Bartlett, Daniel and Esther, House Basset, Daniel, House Bassickville Historic District Beardsley Park Benedict House and Shop BERKSHIRE NO. 7 Beth Israel Synagogue Bikur Cholim Synagogue Birdcraft Sanctuary Bishop, Peyton Randolph, House Bishop, William D., Cottage Development Historic District Black Rock Gardens Historic District Black Rock Historic District Booth, Nathan B., House Boothe Homestead Boston Post Road Historic District Bradley Edge Tool Company Historic District Bradley-Hubbell House Bradley-Wheeler House Branchville Railroad Tenement Breuer, Marcel, House II Bridge Street Historic District Bridgeport City Hall Bridgeport Downtown North Historic District Bridgeport Downtown South Historic District Bronson Windmill Brookfield Center Historic District Bush-Holley House Byram School Cannondale Historic District Cassidy House Chivvis, Arthur and Lyn, House Christ Episcopal Church and Tashua Burial Ground Church of the Holy Name Commodore Hull School Compo-Owenoke Historic District Comstock, Abijah, House Connecticut Railway and Lighting Company Car Barn Cos Cob Power Station Cos Cob Railroad Station Cosier-Murphy House Cove Island Houses Curtis, Nathaniel, House Davenport, Deacon John, House Davenport, Hanford, House Deacon's Point Historic District Division Street Historic District Downtown Stamford Historic District Downtown Stamford Historic District (Boundary Increase 2) Downtown Stamford Historic District (Boundary Increase) Durisol House Eagle's Nest East Bridgeport Historic District East Main Street Historic District Ein Jacob (Ayn Yacob) Synagogue ELMER S. DAILEY Ely, Rev. John, House Fairfield County Courthouse Fairfield County Jail Fairfield Historic District Fairfield Railroad Stations Ferris, Samuel, House First Baptist Church First Presbyterian Church Five Mile River Landing Historic District Ford, Elinor and Sherman, House Fourth Ward Historic District Freeman, Mary and Eliza, Houses French Farm Gallaher Estate Gateway Village Historic District Georgetown Historic District Glenville Historic District Glenville School Glover House Glover, John, House Godillot Place Golden Hill Historic District Gores, Landis, House Great Captain Island Lighthouse Green Farms School Greenfield Hill Grange #133 Greenfield Hill Historic District Greens Ledge Lighthouse Greenwich Avenue Historic District Greenwich Municipal Center Historic District Greenwich Town Hall Greenwich YMCA Greenwood Avenue Historic District Hait, Benjamin, House Hall, Isaac Davis and Marion Dalton, House Hampton Inn Hattertown Historic District Haviland and Elizabeth Streets-Hanford Place Historic District Hawley, Thomas, House Hearthstone Hebrew Congregation of Woodmont Hodgson, Richard and Geraldine, House Hotel Beach Housatonic River Railroad Bridge Hoyt-Barnum House Hoyt-Burwell-Morse House Hubbard Heights Historic District Huntington Center Historic District Hurlbutt Street School Hyatt, Thomas, House Indian Harbor Yacht Club Ives, Charles, House Johnson, Philip, Glass House Judson, Capt. David, House June, Lewis, House Keeler Tavern Kellogg, Enos, House Kettle Creek Historic District Kings Highway North Historic District Knap, John, House Knapp Tavern Lakeview Village Historic District Lambert, David, House Lattin, Nathan B., Farm Le Roy Shirt Company Factory Lee, John Black, House I Lewis, Isaac, House Linden Apartments Little Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church Lockwood-Mathews Mansion Locust Avenue School Long Ridge Village Historic District Long Ridge Village Historic District (Boundary Increase) Loth, Joseph, Company Building Lounsbury, Phineas Chapman, House Lyon, Thomas, House Main Street Bridge Main Street Historic District Mallett, David, Jr., House Maplewood School March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Reservoir Road March Route of Rochambeau's Army: Ridgebury Road Marina Park Historic District Marion Castle, Terre Bonne Marvin Tavern Mather, Stephen Tyng, House Meadowlands Meeker's Hardware Merritt Parkway Methodist Episcopal Church Mianus River Railroad Bridge Mill Cove Historic District Mills, Beaven W., House Mills, Willis N, House Monroe Center Historic District Murphy, Charles and Peggy House Nathaniel Wheeler Memorial Fountain Nathaniel Witherell Historic District National Hall Historic District New Haven Railroad Danbury Turntable New Mill and Depot Building, Hawthorne Woolen Mill New York Belting and Packing Co. Newtown Borough Historic District Nichols Farms Historic District Norfield Historic District Norwalk City Hall Norwalk Green Historic District Norwalk Island Lighthouse Norwalk River Railroad Bridge Octagon House Octagon House Ogden, David, House Old Town Hall Osborne, John, House Oysterman's Row Palace and Majestic Theaters Park Apartments Peck Ledge Lighthouse Penfield Reef Lighthouse Pequonnock River Railroad Bridge Perkins, Maxwell E., House Perry Avenue Bridge Perry, David, House Pike, Gustavus and Sarah T., House Pine Creek Park Bridge Plumb Memorial Library Pond-Weed House PRICILLA DAILEY Putnam Hill Historic District Putnam Memorial State Park Railroad Avenue Industrial District Redding Center Historic District Remington City Historic District Remington Village Historic District Remington, Frederic, House Restmore Revonah Manor Historic District Rider, John, House Ridgebury Congregational Church Ridgefield Center Historic District River Road-Mead Avenue Historic District Riverside Avenue Bridge Robinson, P., Fur Cutting Company Rock Ledge Rogers, John, Studio Rosemary Hall Round Hill Historic District Rowayton Depot Historic District Sanford-Curtis-Thurber House Saugatuck River Bridge Saugatuck River Railroad Bridge Seaside Institute Seaside Park Seaside Village Historic District Seelye, Seth, House Selleck, Sylvanus, Gristmill Shambaugh House Sherman Historic District Silvermine Center Historic District Sloan-Raymond-Fitch House Sound Beach Railroad Station South End Historic District South Main and Washington Streets Historic District South Main and Washington Streets Historic District (Boundary Increase II) South Main and Washington Streets Historic District (Boundary Increase) Southport Historic District Southport Railroad Stations St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal Church St. Benedict's Church St. John's Episcopal Church St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church St. Luke's Chapel St. Mark’s Episcopal Church St. Mary's Church Stamford Harbor Lighthouse Starr, C. J., Barn and Carriage House Sterling Block-Bishop Arcade Sterling Hill Historic District Sterling Homestead Stevenson Dam Hydroelectric Plant Stratfield Historic District Stratford Center Historic District Stratford Point Lighthouse Strickland Road Historic District Sturges, Jonathan, House Sturges-Wright House Suburban Club Swallen, James, House System House Tarbell, Ida, House Tarrywile Tatum, Corinne and George Liston Jr., House The Lodges Historic District Titicus Hill Historic District Tongue Point Lighthouse Town Hall Turn-of-River Bridge Umpawaug District School Union Station Unitarian-Universalist Church United Congregational Church United Illuminating Company Building United States Post Office, Westport, Connecticut US Post Office-Bridgeport Main US Post Office-Greenwich Main US Post Office-South Norwalk Main US Post Office-Stamford Main Village Creek Wall Street Historic District Waveny Webb, David Jr. and Sarah, House Weir Farm National Historic Site Weir, J. Alden, Farm Historic District West End Congregation-Achavath Achim Synagogue West Mountain Historic District Westport Bank and Trust Company Westport Center Historic District Wheeler, Ephraim, House Whistleville Historic District Wilcox, Josiah, House Williams House Wilmot Apartments Historic District Wilton Center Historic District Zion Lutheran Church
The city of Hartford, Connecticut was the site of the first-ever insurance company in the United States. The Hartford Fire Insurance Company was founded in 1810.

Fairfield County, located in the southwestern corner of Connecticut, has a rich history that spans thousands of years. The region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Paugussett tribe, who lived off the land and engaged in trade with neighboring tribes. European settlers first arrived in the late 1630s, when men from Hartford purchased land from the Paugussett people, establishing the town of Stratford.

In the 18th century, Fairfield County played a significant role in the American Revolutionary War. The region saw several important battles, including the famous Battle of Ridgefield, where American forces fought against British troops. Fairfield County also served as a strategic location for supplying and supporting the Continental Army, as it provided access to both Long Island Sound and the Hudson River.

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Fairfield County experienced rapid industrialization and urbanization. Towns like Norwalk and Bridgeport became major manufacturing centers, producing goods such as textiles, machinery, and firearms. The growth of these industries brought an influx of immigrants to the area, particularly from Ireland and Italy, who played a vital role in its economic development.

Today, Fairfield County is known for its affluent communities, thriving business sectors, and cultural attractions. The county is home to renowned educational institutions, including Yale University in New Haven, and a variety of museums, theaters, and art galleries. With its picturesque coastline, charming towns, and proximity to New York City, Fairfield County continues to attract residents and visitors alike, preserving its rich history while embracing the opportunities of the present.

  • 1639 - Fairfield County is settled by English colonists from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • 1660 - The town of Fairfield is officially incorporated.
  • 1665 - The town of Norwalk is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1685 - The town of Stamford is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1724 - The town of Danbury is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1739 - The dividing line between Fairfield County and New Haven County is established.
  • 1784 - The town of Ridgefield is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1851 - The town of Bridgeport is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1871 - The town of Greenwich is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 1974 - The town of Newtown is settled and officially incorporated.
  • 2000 - Fairfield County becomes the most populous county in Connecticut.